Vomisman ak gwosès

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Maladi maten
Classification and external resources
Maladi maten
ICD/CIM-10O21.0 O21.0
ICD/CIM-9643.0 643.0
MedlinePlus003119

Maladi maten, yo te rele tou kè plen ak vomisman nan gwosès (NVP), se yon sentòm nan gwosès ki enplike nan kè plen oswa vomisman. kè plen oswa vomisman ka pandan jounen an epi li pa jis nan maten an. Pafwa sentòm sa yo dire pandan tout gwosès la. Apeprè 10% nan fanm yo toujou gen sentòm yo apre 20yèm jou nan semèn yo nan gwosès la.[1] Yon fòm grav nan kondisyon se li te ye kòm hyperemesis gravidarum ak rezilta yo nan pèdi pwa ak dezidratasyon.[2][3]

Lòt non ki se:

  • kè plen gravidarum
  • maladi maten
  • emesis gravidarum
  • gwosès maladi
  • nausée matinale
  • enfermedad de la mañana

Kòz la nan maladi maten se enkoni. Li pouvwa dwe, paske gen yo se chanje nivo yo nan òmòn pandan gwosès. Si gen tou se doulè nan vant, lafyèv, oswa maltèt lè sa a maladi se pwobableman pa vomisman ak gwosès.

Lè w ap pran vitamin prenatal anvan gwosès ka diminye risk la.[4] Yon afab rejim alimantè ki ka ede. gen Kèk medikaman tankou doxylamine ak piridoksin se rekòmande.[5] Jenjanm pouvwa kapab itil.[6] Pou ka ki grav yo ke yo pa pral amelyore, medikaman an ka te eseye. IV terapi oswa tib manje a pouvwa ap mande yo nan fanm ki pèdi pwa.

Maladi maten afekte sou 70-80% nan tout fanm ansent yo pandan gwosès.[7] ka ki Pi grav yo te genyen tou nòmal rezilta yo epi yo pa fè mal ti bebe a.Kòz la nan maladi maten se enkoni.

Òmòn chanjman[edite | modifye sous]

Òmòn chanjman pouvwa lakòz vomisman ak gwosès.[8] Sepandan, pa gen okenn ki konsistan prèv ki montre diferans ki genyen nan nivo estwojèn ak nivo bilirubin ant fanm ki fè eksperyans maladi ak moun ki pa fè sa.[9] [10] Kèk gou ak odè ki lakòz fè li vin pi mal. Fanm ki gen pa gen okenn vomisman yo gen plis chans yo echoue.[11] [12]

Yon fanm ansent nan sistèm iminitè siprime pandan gwosès ak li se pi plis chans yo dwe malad soti nan lakòz lòt.[13] Vyann ki gen parazit ak bakteri danjere ki kapab espesyalman danjere pou fanm ansent.[14]

Tretman[edite | modifye sous]

Gen se yon mank nan prèv medikal ki sipòte sèvi ak yo nan nenpòt patikilye entèvansyon pou maladi maten.[15] Kèk medikaman ka ede tankou piridoksin/doxylamine, difenidramin, metoclopramide, ak phenothiazines.[16][17] Jenjanm pouvwa ede, men li kapab lakòz li senyen.[18][19][20][21][22]

Referans[edite | modifye sous]

  1. Festin, M (3 jen 2009). « Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. ». BMJ clinical evidence 2009. PMC 2907767. PMID 21726485. 
  2. « Practice Bulletin No. 153: Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy. ». Obstetrics and gynecology 126 (3): e12–24. septanm 2015. PMID 26287788. doi:10.1097/AOG.0000000000001048. 
  3. « Pregnancy ». Office on Women's Health. septanm 27, 2010. Retrieved 5 desanm 2015. 
  4. « Practice Bulletin Summary No. 153: Nausea and Vomiting of Pregnancy. ». Obstetrics and gynecology 126 (3): 687–8. septanm 2015. PMID 26287781. doi:10.1097/01.aog.0000471177.80067.19. 
  5. Koren, G (desanm 2014). « Treating morning sickness in the United States--changes in prescribing are needed. ». American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 211 (6): 602–6. PMID 25151184. doi:10.1016/j.ajog.2014.08.017. 
  6. Matthews, A; Haas, DM; O'Mathúna, DP; Dowswell, T (8 septanm 2015). « Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. ». The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (9): CD007575. PMID 26348534. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007575.pub4. 
  7. Einarson, Thomas R.; Piwko, Charles; Koren, Gideon (2013-01-01). « Prevalence of nausea and vomiting of pregnancy in the USA: a meta analysis ». Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology = Journal De La Therapeutique Des Populations Et De La Pharamcologie Clinique 20 (2): e163–170. ISSN 1710-6222. PMID 23863545. 
  8. Lagiou, P; Tamimi, R; Mucci, LA; Trichopoulos, D; Adami, HO; Hsieh, CC (avril 2003). « Nausea and vomiting in pregnancy in relation to prolactin, estrogens, and progesterone: a prospective study ». Obstetrics and gynecology 101 (4): 639–44. PMID 12681864. doi:10.1016/s0029-7844(02)02730-8. 
  9. Elizabeth Bauchner; Wendy Marquez. « Morning Sickness: Coping With The Worst ». NY Metro Parents Magazine. Retrieved 2008-07-06. 
  10. Niebyl, Jennifer R. (2010). « Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy ». New England Journal of Medicine 363 (16): 1544–1550. PMID 20942670. doi:10.1056/NEJMcp1003896. 
  11. Chan, Ronna L.; Olshan, A. F.; Savitz, D. A.; Herring, A. H.; Daniels, J. L.; Peterson, H. B.; Martin, S. L.; et al. (sep 22, 2010). « Severity and duration of nausea and vomiting symptoms in pregnancy and spontaneous abortion ». Human Reproduction 25 (11): 2907–12. PMC 3140259. PMID 20861299. doi:10.1093/humrep/deq260. 
  12. Sherman, Paul W.; Flaxman, Samuel M. (2002). « Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy in an evolutionary perspective ». Am J Obstet Gynecol 186 (5): S190–S197. PMID 12011885. doi:10.1067/mob.2002.122593. 
  13. Haig, David (oktòb 1993). « Genetic conflicts in human pregnancy ». Quarterly Review of Biology 68 (4): 495–532. PMID 8115596. doi:10.1086/418300. 
  14. Flaxman, Samuel M.; Sherman, Paul W. (jen 2000). « Morning sickness: a mechanism for protecting mother and embryo ». Quarterly Review of Biology 75 (2): 113–148. PMID 10858967. doi:10.1086/393377. 
  15. Matthews, A; Haas, DM; O'Mathúna, DP; Dowswell, T (8 septanm 2015). « Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy ». The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (9): CD007575. PMID 26348534. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007575.pub4. 
  16. Jarvis, S; Nelson-Piercy, C (jen 17, 2011). « Management of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy. ». BMJ (Clinical research ed.) 342: d3606. PMID 21685438. doi:10.1136/bmj.d3606. 
  17. « The outpatient management and special considerations of nausea and vomiting in pregnancy ». Semin Perinatol 38 (14): 496–502. septanm 2014. PMID 25267280. doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2014.08.014. 
  18. Matthews, A; Haas, DM; O'Mathúna, DP; Dowswell, T (8 septanm 2015). « Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. ». The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (9): CD007575. PMID 26348534. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007575.pub4. 
  19. Matthews, A; Haas, DM; O'Mathúna, DP; Dowswell, T (8 septanm 2015). « Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy ». The Cochrane database of systematic reviews (9): CD007575. PMID 26348534. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007575.pub4. 
  20. Thomson, M.; Corbin, R.; Leung, L. (2014). « Effects of Ginger for Nausea and Vomiting in Early Pregnancy: A Meta-Analysis ». The Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine 27 (1): 115–122. ISSN 1557-2625. doi:10.3122/jabfm.2014.01.130167. 
  21. « Effectiveness and safety of ginger in the treatment of pregnancy-induced nausea and vomiting ». Obstetrics and gynecology 105 (4): 849–56. 2005. PMID 15802416. doi:10.1097/01.AOG.0000154890.47642.23. 
  22. Tiran, Denise (fev 2012). « Ginger to reduce nausea and vomiting during pregnancy: Evidence of effectiveness is not the same as proof of safety ». Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice 18 (1): 22–25. ISSN 1744-3881. doi:10.1016/j.ctcp.2011.08.007.