Absè

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Absè
Classification and external resources
Absè
Absè
ICD/CIM-10L02 L02
ICD/CIM-9682.9, 324.1 682.9, 324.1
MedlinePlus001353
Wè zòn nan wouj alantou abcess la

Yon absè se yon enfeksyon. Li fòme yon kavite ki plen ak pij.[1] Yon absè se wouj, douloure, cho, anfle. Ou ka wè soti anndan l yon likid lè ou peze sou li.[1] Espas ki la alantou abcess la wouj epi li se anfle.[2] Yon pyè emowòyid se yon absè ki fòme nan po la. Pafwa abse la gen yon cheve.[3]

Kòz[edite | modifye sous]

Yon absè se yon enfeksyon bakteri.[4] Anpil bakteri ka lakòz enfeksyon an. Yon enfekson ka gen landan l plizyè bakteri diferan.[2] Staphylococcus areus se bakteri yo ki pral lakòz yon abse pi komen..[1] Pafwa yon parazit ka lakòz yon abse . .[5] Yon absè ka fon anndan kò a. Ou ka jwenn li ak ultrason ak yon eskanè CAT.[1][5] Si ou gen yon zo do pwoblèm, ou gen yon pi gwo chans pou gen yon zo do, ni dèyè absè. Sa te kapab fè koze pa itilize steroyid pou geri a tonbe.[6]

Tretman[edite | modifye sous]

Yon absè geri lè li ouvè ak Lè pij sa a, vide.[7] Antibyotik tretman nan bouch pa sanble pot yon gwo solisyon.[1] Blesi a pral geri pi vit si li fèmen apre yo te fin vide.[8] Koupe ak kannal ki gwo bouton an se estanda tretman. Si bouton an gen yon bagay sipèfli ladan l, li dwe ranvèse.[9][7] Twal sa se cho ak mouye yo souvan soti sou gwo bouton an aprè li jete.

Antibyotik gen tretman ki pa komen. Yon nonm ka bezwen tretman antibyotik si li genyen anpil absè si li pa gen lòt maladi grav..[7][1] Twal nan koupe apwè tretman lakòz doulè e pat kanpe yon nouvo enfeksyon.[10]

Kijan li pwopaje li[edite | modifye sous]

Absè nan po a se pi komen kounye a.[1] Si ou itilize dwòg ak zegwi, gen plis risk pou yo absè.[11],[12] Enfeksyon sa a trè komen nan mond lan. Nan 2005 nan Etazini 3.2 milyon moun te ale nan depatman an ijans pou yon absè.[13] Nan Ostrali moun nan zòn 13,000 yo te kouri pou lopital la 2008 pou yon absè.[14]

Sentom[edite | modifye sous]

Yon absè ka fòme nan nenpòt kote nan kò sa a. Pi souvan li fòme nan po la. Absè ka grandi andedan poumon, nan sèvo, dan, ren ak nan gòj. Absè Gwo ka ale nan tout kò a epi yo ka lakòz lanmò. Absè difisil pou jwenn kadav la anndan. Absè an ka gen doulè, lafyèv, ak santi m malad oubyen a byen/ansante. Absè anndan kò a pa geri. Yon travayè medikal bezwen pou trete absè ki se anndan kò sa a. Absè ka touye. Men sa a vyann kri. Si enfeksyon an antre nan san an li rele nfeksyon nan san. Si l' andousi pati enpòtan kò tankou ti gòjèt a, pou pran souf pwal difisil. Absè nan bouch va sispann manje. Gwo bouton sou po a ka fè te santi. Kouri dlo a ap rete nan nan absè la e li kapab santi.[15] Absè ka nan dèyè a. Yon moun ak maladi sik, dyabèt plis chans pou yo gen yon absè nan dèyè a. Pafwa gwo bouton pral kòmanse anndan ak koze pa yon watè doulè, di, ni sa k'ap nan dèyè a. Absè dèyè sa a fè yon gwo moso dèyè a toupre.  Gro moso sa a ap grandi, fè doulè.  Dèyè abcess dwe trete pa yon travayè medikal. Travayè medikal, pifò nan lè a, pral koupe louvri absè la, pou l' ide fè l' fè sèvis. Yon moun ka gen yon absè aprè operasyon. Moun ki travay medikal yo dwe pran soti enfeksyon an ak yon zegwi si sa rive.[16]

Lòt maladi kapab tankou absè. Cellulitis, yon boul sebase ak necrotising fasciitis yo gen siy tankou gwo bouton.[5][16]

Referans[edite | modifye sous]

  1. 1,0 1,1 1,2 1,3 1,4 1,5 et 1,6 Singer, Adam J.; Talan, David A. (mas 13, 2014). « Management of skin abscesses in the era of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus » (PDF). The New England Journal of Medicine 370 (11): 1039–47. PMID 24620867. doi:10.1056/NEJMra1212788. 
  2. 2,0 et 2,1 Elston, Dirk M. (2009). Infectious Diseases of the Skin. London: Manson Pub. p. 12. ISBN 9781840765144. 
  3. Marx, John A. Marx (2014). « Dermatologic Presentations ». Rosen's emergency medicine : concepts and clinical practice (8th ed. ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. pp. Chapter 120. ISBN 1455706051. 
  4. Cox, Carol Turkington, Jeffrey S. Dover ; medical illustrations, Birck (2007). The encyclopedia of skin and skin disorders (3rd ed. ed.). New York, NY: Facts on File. p. 1. ISBN 9780816075096. 
  5. 5,0 5,1 et 5,2 Marx, John A. Marx (2014). « Skin and Soft Tissue Infections ». Rosen's emergency medicine : concepts and clinical practice (8th ed. ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders. pp. Chapter 137. ISBN 1455706051. 
  6. Kraeutler, MJ; Bozzay, JD; Walker, MP; John, K (okt 24, 2014) [Epub ahead of print]. « Spinal subdural abscess following epidural steroid injection. ». J Neurosurg Spine 22 (1): 90–3. PMID 25343407. doi:10.3171/2014.9.SPINE14159. 
  7. 7,0 7,1 et 7,2 American College of Emergency Physicians. « Five Things Physicians and Patients Should Question ». Choosing Wisely: an initiative of the ABIM Foundation (American College of Emergency Physicians). Retrieved 2014-01-24. 
  8. Singer, Adam J.; Thode, Henry C., Jr; Chale, Stuart; Taira, Breena R.; Lee, Christopher (me 2011). « Primary closure of cutaneous abscesses: a systematic review » (PDF). The American Journal of Emergency Medicine 29 (4): 361–6. PMID 20825801. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2009.10.004. 
  9. Green, James; Saj Wajed (2000). Surgery: Facts and Figures. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 1-900151-96-0. 
  10. Bergstrom, KG (jan 2014). « News, views, and reviews. Less may be more for MRSA: the latest on antibiotics, the utility of packing an abscess, and decolonization strategies. ». Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD 13 (1): 89–92. PMID 24385125. 
  11. Langrod, Pedro Ruiz, Eric C. Strain, John G. (2007). The substance abuse handbook. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 373. ISBN 9780781760454. 
  12. Khalil, PN; Huber-Wagner, S; Altheim, S; Bürklein, D; Siebeck, M; Hallfeldt, K; Mutschler, W; Kanz, GG (sep 22, 2008). « Diagnostic and treatment options for skin and soft tissue abscesses in injecting drug users with consideration of the natural history and concomitant risk factors. ». European journal of medical research 13 (9): 415–24. PMID 18948233. 
  13. Taira, BR; Singer, AJ; Thode HC, Jr; Lee, CC (mas 2009). « National epidemiology of cutaneous abscesses: 1996 to 2005. ». The American journal of emergency medicine 27 (3): 289–92. PMID 19328372. doi:10.1016/j.ajem.2008.02.027. 
  14. Vaska, VL; Nimmo, GR; Jones, M; Grimwood, K; Paterson, DL (jan 2012). « Increases in Australian cutaneous abscess hospitalisations: 1999-2008. ». European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 31 (1): 93–6. PMID 21553298. doi:10.1007/s10096-011-1281-3. 
  15. Churchill Livingstone medical dictionary. (16th ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. 2008. ISBN 9780080982458. 
  16. 16,0 et 16,1 Duff, Patrick (2009). « Diagnosis and Management of Postoperative Infection ». The Global Library of Women's Medicine. ISSN 1756-2228. doi:10.3843/GLOWM.10032.