Atik Inivèsite Èlsinki sa a an devlòpman. Li bezwen tradui, diskite sou li nan Diskite:Inivèsite Èlsinki
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|Helsingin yliopisto (en Finnwa)|
|Helsingfors universitet (en Swedwa)|
|Elev Avan Diplòm||31900|
Inivèsite Èlsinki (Finwa:Helsingin yliopisto , Sv:Helsingfors universitet ) se yon inivèsite sitye nan kapital Èlsinki (Helsinki), nan peyi Fenlann (Finland) depi 1829, men li te fonde nan vil Turku nan lane 1640 tankou Akademi wayal Turku. It is the oldest and largest university in Finland with the widest range of disciplines available. Around 38,000 students (including 5,500 post-graduate students) are currently enrolled in the degree programs of the university.
Since August 1, 2005 the University complies with the standards of the Europe-wide Bologna Process and offers Bachelor's, Master's, Licenciate's and Doctoral degrees.
History[edite | modifier le wikitexte]
- For the early history (1640-1809), see the main article Royal Academy of Turku
The university was founded in 1640 by Count Per Brahe in Turku, as the Royal Academy of Turku (Modèl:Lang-la). It was the third university founded in the Swedish Empire, following Uppsala University and the Academia Gustaviana in Dorpat, the predecessor of the University of Tartu in Estonia.
In 1809, Finland became an autonomous grand duchy in subjugation to imperial Russia, wherefore the name of the academy in Turku was modified to be Imperial Academy of Turku. Following the great city fire of Turku in 1827 and the move of the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland, under Russian rule since 1809, to Helsinki, the university was relocated there starting from 1829 and Nicholas I re-named it Imperial Alexander University of Finland in honor of his late brother and predecessor Czar Alexander I of Russia, who had given new resources to the academy. This university was the practical center of Finnish culture in 19th century, and a remarkable cradle of nationalist movements, liberalization demands, political parties, collections of cultural materials, and student activities. It was named the University of Helsinki after Finland became independent in 1917.
The main building of the university, which was designed by Carl Ludvig Engel, was completed in 1832. It is located next to the Senate Square in the heart of Helsinki's neoclassical centre, facing the Cathedral and the Government's Palace. Most of the important buildings in the City Centre Campus, such as the University Library, the Observatory and several faculty buildings, are also designed by Engel.
Kanpis yo[edite | modifier le wikitexte]
[[Imaj:Helsingin yliopiston päärakennus.jpg|thumb|300px|Inivèsite Èlsinki ]]
The university is located on four main campuses. Originally, the entire university was located in the very centre of Helsinki, but due to the rapid growth of university since the 1930s, premises have been built and acquired in other areas.
The historical City Centre Campus has been the hub of activity ever since the university moved from Turku to Helsinki in the early 19th Century. The campus has a central location and reflects the architectural style of this part of the city. The university buildings in the city center house the Faculties of Theology, Law, Arts, Behavioural Sciences and Social Sciences plus administrative functions. Most of the buildings on the campus have a major architectural significance.
The Kumpula Campus, housing the Faculty of Science, is located four kilometers from the centre of Helsinki.
The Viikki Campus is located in a semi-rural area of Viikki, some 8 kilometres north-east of the city centre. It houses the Faculties of Agriculture and Forestry, Biosciences, Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy.
Òganizasyon[edite | modifier le wikitexte]
Inivèsite genyen onz fakilte. An òd ofisyel ki inivèsite itilize, liy anba a siyifi istwa inivèsite a ak pozisyon fakilte yo le yo etabli inivèsite a:
- Faculty of Theology (established 1640)
- Fakilte Dwa (established 1640)
- Faculty of Medicine (established 1640)
- Faculty of Arts (Faculty of Philosophy established 1640 and split 1852, independent Arts section 1863, independent faculty 1992)
- Fakilte Syans (Faculty of Philosophy established 1640 and split 1852, independent Science section 1863, independent faculty 1992)
- Faculty of Pharmacy (Faculty of Philosophy established 1640, split from the Faculty of Science 2004)
- Faculty of Biosciences (Faculty of Philosophy established 1640, split from the Faculty of Science2004)
- Faculty of Behavioral Sciences (independent section 1974, independent faculty 1992, reorganized and renamed 2004)
- Fakilte Syans Sosyal (etabli 1945)
- Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry (established 1898, independent faculty 1924)
- Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (established as an independent college in 1945, incorporated into the University of Helsinki in 1995)
The university also comprises several independent institutes, such as research centres and libraries, the most notable of which is perhaps the National Library of Finland.
Research institutes[edite | modifier le wikitexte]
Research institutes within the university include the following:
- Aleksanteri Institute - A national centre of research, study and expertise pertaining to Russia and East Europe
- Helsinki Center of Economic Research (HECER) - A joint initiative of the University of Helsinki, the Helsinki School of Economics and the Swedish School of Economics
- Helsinki Institute for Information Technology (HIIT) - A joint research institute of the University of Helsinki and the Helsinki University of Technology
- Helsinki Institute of Physics
- Environmental Change Research Unit
- Institute of Biotechnology
- Neuroscience Center
- Rolf Nevanlinna Institute - Research institute of mathematics, computer science, and statistics
- Erik Castrén Institute of International Law and Human Rights
- Renvall Institute
- Christina Institute for Women's Studies
Notable people[edite | modifier le wikitexte]
- Lars Ahlfors (1907–1996), matematisyen, one of two first to be awarded the Fields Medal in 1936
- Anders Chydenius (1729–1803), priest, economist, politician
- Anders Donner (1854–1938), astronomer
- Ragnar Granit (1900–1991) Nobel Laureate (Medicine, 1967)
- Hugo Gyldén (1841–1896), astronomer
- Tarja Halonen, lawyer (LL.M.), Prezidan d Fenlann, depi lane 2000.
- Olli-Pekka Kallasvuo, CEO of Nokia as of June 2006 (LL.M.)
- Urho Kaleva Kekkonen, Prezidan d Fenlann
- Björn Kurtén (1924–1988), palaeontologist
- Jarl Lindeberg (1876–1932), matematisyen
- Ernst Lindelöf (1870–1946), matematisyen
- Elias Lönnrot (1802–1884), collector of Kalevala
- Rolf Nevanlinna (1895–1980), matematisyen
- Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832–1901), geologist, Arctic explorer
- Jorma Ollila (b. 1950), Chairman of Nokia and Royal Dutch Shell (M.Pol.Sci.)
- Juho Kusti Paasikivi, President of Finland
- Lauri Kristian Relander, Prezidan d Fenlann
- Risto Ryti, President of Finland
- Esa Saarinen (b. 1953), filozòf
- Jean Sibelius (1865–1957), composer, pursued studies at Faculty of Law
- Frans Emil Sillanpää (1888–1964), Nobel Laureate (Literature, 1939)
- Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, the first President of Finland
- Karl Fritiof Sundman (1873–1949), astronomer
- Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland
- Zacharias Topelius (1818–1898), ekriven ak istoryen
- Linus Torvalds, (b. 1969), software engineer and developer of Linux
- Artturi Ilmari Virtanen (1895–1973), Nobel Laureate (Chemistry, 1945)
- Bror-Erik Wallenius (b. 1943), sports commentator
- Mika Waltari (1908–1979), womansye
- Georg Henrik von Wright (1916–2003), filozòf, Prezidan Akademi d Fenlann an